What kind of dealers are there?
Compared to used tooling machines there are only a few dedicated dealers for wire and cable machinery worldwide. As far as company COSTA machinery GmbH knows, hardly more than a dozen. Most of them are resident in Central Europe. The North and South American market for the most part is attended by an US resident company which just is as big as all the other dealers together.
Where do the used machines come from?
There are several reasons why you can find redundant machines on the market, for example:
- Scheduled renewal - one (or several) machine(s) is (are) replaced by a new one.
- Modification or reduction of production portfolio - a machine becomes redundant because of company not producing a certain scope of goods any longer.
- Insolvency - a company has filed a petition in bankruptcy and all machines will have to be sold.
- Restructuring - consolidated companies close down or relocate complete production plants and there is no use for the total of machines at the new location.
- Very seldom, but it can happen - Bad planning - a machine has been bought partly as an experiment, however, it is not being used finally.
Aside from insolvency all reasons for the release of a machine are attractive. In case of an insolvency the collapse of the company mostly reflects in the substance of machinery, i.e. condition of machines often is very poor.
Why used machines?
Used machines, especially those being produced before end of the nineties, might be very attractive for the used machinery market. This is due to a formerly prevalent very robust mechanical construction of machines. Old cast bodies mostly are more robust and stable than newer welded constructions. An old machine being released from its original electrics and equipped with new motors mostly is as efficient as a similar new one - at a fraction of the costs as the so-called "retro fitting" saves money and time.
In general the advantage of a used wire or cable machine is the immediate availability compared to the acquisition of new machines. If the existing electrics are still ready for use the machine often can start production immediately. Even if the used machine might not be exactly as efficient as a new one it already can be established for quite a time whereas the new one would have to be built first. Special orders claiming only a small quantity but quick delivery could be accomplished by using a second hand, immediately available machine.
What about prices for used machines?
There are no fixed regulations concerning the price. Actually, used machines can be purchased at only a fraction of prices for new machines. The following facts have an effect on the price:
- The purchase price which had to be paid by seller.
- Costs which had to be spent for the machine, i. e. transport, warehousing, conditioning
- The range of similar machines on the market. Used machines always are associated with supply and demand.
- The condition of the machine. Is it ready for immediate use, will it have to be overhauled or equipped with new electrics?